October 3, 2011

McMechen House in Moorefield

This historic house in Moorefield was built by merchant Samuel A. McMechen around 1853. Notice how the Greek Revival front is reminiscent of the Reymann house and the center section of The Willows, both of which were built in Hardy County in the 1850's. 

During the Civil War Moorefield changed hands several times. Mr. McMechen supported the Confederacy and left town when Union forces occupied the town and supposedly went to his cabin at Howard's Lick, which is now Lost River State Park. (Incidentally, his name appears in a history of Howard's Lick.)

The plaque on the wall gives us a brief history.

S. A. McMechen House

Built in 1853, this home was occupied by officers of both sides as the fortunes of war changed. McCausland was staying here when Gen. Averell attacked his troops camped at Goings Ford and Old Fields.
The Civil War Trails sign provides more details and tells us that:
Moorefield changed hands several times during the war as each side sought control of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, or advanced to or retreated from the Shenandoah Valley. Each army foraged for horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, wheat, corn, and dry goods in the countryside and in Moorefield. Confederate Gen. Fitzhugh Lee reported at the end of 1863 that few supplies could be found here.

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